Tuscaloosa is a city located in the western part of Alabama, the United States. It is the county office of Tuscaloosa County. on the Black Warrior River. The population is 79,294 (estimated 2003). It is the fifth city in the same province. The name of the city was named after the Chocteaux chief Tuscaloosa (Tascalusa, the black warrior) who fought against Hernando de Soto in the Battle of Mobira in 1540.
Tuscaloosa is known as a town where the University of Alabama has its headquarters campus. Universities have a major impact on the city both economically and culturally. The university is also known as an old football master.
The city is the center of industry, commerce, welfare and education in the western part of Alabama. The North American auto plant in Mercedes-Benz was unpopular across the country when Daimler Chrysler announced it would build the first car plant in Tuscaloosa.
The area near the Fall Line, which later became known as the Black Warrior River, has long been known to various Indian tribes who have followed the fate of West Alabama. The neighborhood of Tuscaloosa was shallow and the southernmost place to negotiate with. The Indian road network necessarily gathered here in one spot. In the early 19th century, the road network led the brave white settlers to this area.
After the Anglo-American War, the number of white settlers increased greatly, and a small Log Cabin village was formed on a river waterfall near a large village of the Creek tribe. The settlers named themselves Tuscaloosa in honor of Tuscaloosa's chief. On 13 December 1819, two days before Alabama became a quasi-state in 1817 and the Congress added Alabama to the states of the United States, a quasi-state assembly was established in the town of Tuscaloosa.
Tuscaloosa was the capital of Alabama from 1826 to 1846. During this period, the University of Alabama was established . The population and economy grew rapidly, but the population decreased sharply as the capital moved to Montgomery. The establishment of the Bryce State Hospital of the Mental Hospital in the 1850s helped to rebuild the city's destiny. Thousands of Tuscaloosa civilians joined the Allied Forces as Alabama left the United States during the Civil War. During the last few weeks of the war, a large U.S. force marched into the city and set fire to the campus of Alabama University. Tuscaloosa was also badly damaged by the battle, and the Southern economic recession was entirely shared.
In the 1890s, locks and dams built on the Black Warrior River by the U.S. Army Engineering Corps and built on the Black Warrior River opened an inexpensive passage to the Mobil Bay seaport, which is heavily involved in mining and metallurgy industries in the state. In the early 20th century, the growth of the University of Alabama and mental health facilities along with the country's economic growth has been a driving force for Tuscaloosa's steady growth, and it has not declined in 100 years. In the latter half of the 20th century, huge production factories such as Michelin and Japan Victor were established. It was the announcement of the addition of the Mercedes facility in 1993 that best embodies the new era of Tuscaloosa's economic prosperity.
geography and climate
According to the United States Statistical Bureau, Tuscaloosa City has a total area of 172.8km². 145.7km² is land and 27.1km² is water. The area accounts for 15.68% of the total area.
Tuscaloosa faces Lake Tuscaloosa and the Black Warrior River and is about 96.5km southwest of Birmingham. the border between the Appalachian Plateau and Gulf Coastal Plain, which occupies a unique place called the "Fall" of the Black Warrior River, almost 311km upstream from the junction with the Tombigby River in Demopolis. In other words, the topography of the area surrounding Tuscaloosa is very diverse in the northeastern part of the undulating, wooded area, and the southwestern part of the flat and wetland area.
In the climate division of Keppen, it belongs to Cfa (warm wet climate) and the four seasons are clear. The Gulf of Mexico has a great influence on the climate by sending warm and wet air. From autumn to spring, the interaction between this warm and wet atmosphere and the cold and dry atmosphere from the north accompanied by the front causes precipitation. This front line usually runs from east to west along the jet stream. A notable exception is when a storm lands in a hurricane during the hurricane, it moves from south to north, and from east to west. The interaction between low pressure and high pressure air masses is the most significant during the harsh period between spring and autumn. In summer, jet streams flow from south to north, and the most precipitation is convective rain generated by warming the atmosphere above the warm surface.
In winter, the temperature rises from -3°C (mid-20°F) to 12°C (mid-50°F) from mid-December to late February. On average, the minimum temperature of 50 days a year is below zero or below zero. While it rains a lot (the average monthly rainfall in December and February is about 130 millimeters), the measurable amount of snow is rare and the average annual snowfall is about 150 millimeters. The spring period usually comes from the end of February to the middle of May, and the temperature is from 12°C (half of 50°F) to 30°C (the first half of 80°F), and the average monthly rainfall is about 128 millimeters. In summer, it lasts from the middle of May to the end of September, and the temperature is from 18°C (the first half of 80°F) to 35°C (the middle half of 90°F), so that it rarely exceeds 37.8°C (100°F). The monthly average rainfall is slightly reduced to 101 millimeters. Autumn covers the period from mid-September to early December, and it has a similar tendency to spring precipitation and temperature.
The record high temperature was 41.7°C (107.0°F) recorded at Tuscaloosa Airport on June 29, 1952, and the minimum temperature was -18.3°C (-1.0°F) observed on January 21, 1985.
On April 27, 2011, the Obama family was visited by a record tornado disaster that killed and injured more than 200 people in the state, and Tuscaloosa was also badly damaged, so the Obama family was visited.
administration and politics
Tuscaloosa has a powerful form of city mayor-city administration, governed by the mayor and seven city assemblies. The mayor is elected from the whole city and holds his office for four years. The members of the Diet were elected from the single-seat constituencies, and their terms of office were similarly four years. There is no restriction on the selection of a large number of mayors and councilors. All the officials are non-partisan.
Tuscaloosa is the largest in the western region of Alabama, and plays a central role in the state and federal agencies. In addition to the customary county building, which includes two district court judges, six patrol court judges, district prosecutors and public defense counsel, the State Transport Department, Alabama State Police and several other Alabama state agencies have their offices in Tuscaloosa. Several federal agencies run the office.
Tuscaloosa has been assigned to the 6, 7 House of Representatives constituencies, the 5, 21 and 24 Senate constituencies, and the 62, 63 and 70 Alabama State Assembly constituencies.
While Tuscaloosa has an image of a university town, it boasts an economic diversity based on manufacturing and service in all areas. 25% of the workers in the Tuscaloosa statistical cities are employed by the federal, state and local governments. 16.7% will be in the manufacturing industry, 16.4% will be in the transport and transport industries, 11.6% will be in the financial, information and private industries, 10.3% will be in the mining and construction industries, and 9.2% will be in the service industries. Only 7.2% of those engaged in education and welfare are remaining.
The industrial base of the city is the Uniroyal Goodrich Tire Manufacturing (Michelin Branch), JVC America (Japan Victor), Fire Wire Products, Gulf States Paper Corporation, and the factories of the assembly and affiliated parts of Mercedes-Benz America International.
Welfare and education at the University of Alabama, the DCH Community Health Center, and the Brystate Mental Hospital have become the cornerstone of Tuscaloosa's service.
Tuscaloosa is a base for several universities and schools, so education is a part of the city. The University of Alabama is the most powerful higher education institution, with about 22,000 students registered, and the University of Alabama has become a symbol of Tuscaloosa since its opening in 1831. Founded in 1875, Stillman University was founded as a college of black humanities, with about 1,200 students registered in the western part of Tuscaloosa.
Furthermore, Shelton State Junior College, one of the largest groups in Alabama, is in the city. There are 8,000 students from many places and income. From elderly people in lifelong learning classes to high school and college students who are taking high school and university credits under a dual enrollment system, students from all walks of life are registered in Shelton, but the main student of Shelton is a "common" student. They are usually either the first college students to take the credits to transfer to a four-year college after graduation, or the students at Alabama University or Stillman, who are either not accepted or unwilling to attend their university, and who are enrolled in Shelton's introductory class.
In Tuscaloosa, the city runs the school system. It is monitored by a board of education consisting of a board member elected from eight districts and a board member elected from the whole city. The committee has appointed supervisors to manage daily institutional work. The budget is $100 million and about 10,300 students will register.
Tuscaloosa is included in the 40th largest Birmingham-Tuscaloosa-Aniston TV market in the United States. Tuscaloosa is the 233rd largest radio market in the United States.
"Tuscaloosa News" is a powerful daily newspaper in the city. Other papers include "Planet Weekly," "City Magazine," and "Tuscaloosa Business Ink."
health and medical care
The DCH Regional Medical Center is the main medical facility of Tuscaloosa.
Tuscaloosa has access to other areas in and outside Japan through air, railway, road or water channels. The JR Passenger Railway Company makes a round trip to Tascarusa Station, about a mile south of downtown, on the Crescent of Amtrak, which connects New York and New Orleans, every day. In 2000, private flights at Tuscaloosa Airport were no longer due to a decrease in passengers.
Places of interest
- University of Alabama
- University of Alabama Botanical Garden
The following is demographic data from the 2000 census.
- Population: 77,906
- Number of households: 31,381 households
- Number of Families: 16,945 families
- Population density: 534.8 people/km²
- Number of Homes: 34,857 houses
- Residential density: 239.3 doors/km²
- White: 54.09%
- African American: 42.73%
- Native American: 0.16%
- Asians: 1.49%
- Pacific Islands: 0.02%
- Other races: 0.63%
- Mixed: 0.87%
- Hispanic Latino: 1.40%
- Under 18: 19.8%
- 18-24 years old: 24.5%
- 25-44 years old: 25.4%
- 45-64 years old: 18.5%
- Over 65 years of age: 11.8%
- Median Age: 28 years old
- Sex ratio (male population per 100 women)
- Total population: 90.8
- Over 18 years of age: 87.9
Households and family (number of households)
- We have children under 18: 23.9%
- Married and living together: 35.0%
- Divorced, unmarried or dead female owners: 15.7%
- Non-family: 46.0%
- Single Family: 35.2%
- Elderly people aged 65 and older live alone: 9.3%
income and family
- median income
- Households: 27,731 US dollars
- Family: 41,753 US dollars
- Male: 31,614 US dollars
- Female: 24,507 US dollars
- Income per population: 19,129 US dollars
- below poverty line
- Population: 23.6%
- Number of Relatives: 14.2%
- Under 18: 25.3%
- Over 65 years of age: 13.4%
It has been a sister city since 1986 because Narashino City in Chiba Prefecture is also a city of literature. Alabama University is a sister school with Chiba University.
- ^ One of the largest in the history of the United States, 294 tornadoes and 294 dead, April 29, 2011 See Japan's Devastated Areas (MSN Sankei News) 17:09
- Official website (English)
- Tuscaloosa County District Attorney's Office (English)
- Chamber of Commerce of West Alabama (English)
- Tuscaloosa Convention and Visitor's Bureau (English)
- Tuscaloosa County Industrial Development Authority (English)
- Tuscaloosa Restaurants (English)
- The Tuscaloosa News (English)
- Tuscaloosa Public Library (English)
- Online Tuscaloosa (English)
- Tuscaloosa Web (English)
- Arts Council of Tuscaloosa (English)
- Tuscaloosa Symphony Orchestra (English)
- The University of Alabama (English)
- Stillman College (English)
- Shelton State Community College (English)
- The Druid City (English)